New ebook
10 Best Practices to Optimize Your Product Org

Epics Scrum Agile

What are Epics in Scrum and Agile?
Definition of Epics Scrum Agile
Epics in an agile scrum sense represent large, conceptual bodies of work which capture desired outcomes and categorize the overarching feature capability heading into manageable priorities. Stories get elaborated in future sprints avoiding technical specifications too early retaining flexibility longer until ready for execution when user value focus pulls in details.

In the realm of product management and operations, the terms 'Epics', 'Scrum', and 'Agile' are frequently used. These concepts form the backbone of modern software development methodologies and are crucial for efficient project management. This glossary entry will delve into the intricacies of these terms, providing a comprehensive understanding of their definitions, applications, and significance in the field of product management and operations.

Understanding these terms and their interplay is essential for anyone involved in product development, as they provide a framework for organizing work, managing teams, and delivering high-quality products in a timely manner. By the end of this glossary entry, you will have a clear understanding of what Epics, Scrum, and Agile are, and how they are used in product management and operations.

Agile Methodology

The Agile methodology is a project management and product development approach that prioritizes flexibility, collaboration, and customer satisfaction. It is characterized by short, iterative development cycles, known as 'sprints', and a focus on continuous improvement. Agile is not a single method, but a collection of values and principles that guide how projects are managed and products are developed.

Agile was born out of the need for a more flexible, adaptive approach to software development. Traditional 'waterfall' methods, which require detailed planning and linear development, were found to be inadequate in the face of changing requirements and fast-paced technological advancements. Agile, with its emphasis on adaptability and customer collaboration, provides a solution to these challenges.

Principles of Agile

The Agile methodology is guided by twelve principles, as outlined in the Agile Manifesto. These principles emphasize customer satisfaction, welcome changing requirements, advocate for frequent delivery of working software, and promote sustainable development, among others. They also stress the importance of technical excellence, good design, and simplicity.

These principles serve as a roadmap for implementing the Agile methodology. They provide a framework for making decisions and solving problems in a way that aligns with the Agile philosophy. Understanding these principles is crucial for anyone seeking to implement Agile in their product management and operations.

Benefits of Agile

The Agile methodology offers numerous benefits for product management and operations. It allows for greater flexibility, as changes can be incorporated at any stage of the development process. This adaptability makes Agile particularly suitable for projects with uncertain or dynamic requirements.

Agile also promotes customer satisfaction by involving them in the development process. By delivering working software frequently, customers can provide feedback and see their requirements being met in real time. This collaborative approach ensures that the final product aligns closely with customer expectations.

Scrum Framework

Scrum is a specific implementation of the Agile methodology. It is a lightweight, iterative framework for managing and controlling complex work, often used in software development. Scrum is characterized by short, time-boxed iterations known as 'sprints', and roles such as the Scrum Master and Product Owner.

Scrum provides a structure for implementing Agile, with defined roles, events, and artifacts. It emphasizes transparency, inspection, and adaptation, allowing teams to self-organize and continuously improve their processes and practices. The Scrum framework is widely used in product management and operations due to its simplicity and effectiveness.

Scrum Roles

There are three key roles in Scrum: the Product Owner, the Scrum Master, and the Development Team. The Product Owner is responsible for maximizing the value of the product and managing the Product Backlog. The Scrum Master facilitates Scrum events and helps the team adhere to Scrum theory, practices, and rules. The Development Team consists of professionals who do the work of delivering a potentially releasable increment of the product at the end of each sprint.

Each role in Scrum has a specific set of responsibilities and contributes to the overall success of the project. Understanding these roles and their interplay is crucial for effective implementation of the Scrum framework.

Scrum Artifacts and Events

Scrum defines several artifacts and events that provide structure and regularity to the development process. Artifacts include the Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment, while events include the Sprint, Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective.

These artifacts and events serve to organize work, facilitate communication, and provide opportunities for inspection and adaptation. They are integral to the Scrum framework and contribute to its effectiveness in managing complex work.

Epics in Agile and Scrum

In Agile and Scrum, an Epic is a large body of work that can be broken down into smaller tasks, known as 'stories'. Epics are often used to group related stories together, providing a high-level view of the work to be done. They are a useful tool for planning and managing work in product management and operations.

Epics can span multiple sprints and even releases, and they often encompass multiple user stories. They provide a way to organize work and track progress on a larger scale than individual stories. Understanding the concept of Epics is crucial for effective product management and operations in an Agile or Scrum context.

Creating and Managing Epics

Creating an Epic involves defining a large body of work that delivers significant value to the customer or user. This could be a new feature, a major enhancement, or a significant piece of infrastructure work. Once the Epic is defined, it can be broken down into smaller, more manageable user stories.

Managing Epics involves tracking their progress, updating their status, and ensuring that all related stories are completed. This can be done using Agile project management tools, which provide features for creating, managing, and tracking Epics and their associated stories.

Benefits of Using Epics

Using Epics in Agile and Scrum provides several benefits. They provide a high-level view of the work to be done, making it easier to plan and manage. They also allow for better tracking of progress, as the completion of an Epic indicates the delivery of significant value to the customer or user.

Furthermore, Epics can help to align the work of multiple teams, as they provide a common goal that all teams can work towards. This can improve collaboration and coordination, leading to more efficient and effective product development.


Understanding the concepts of Agile, Scrum, and Epics is crucial for anyone involved in product management and operations. These concepts provide a framework for organizing work, managing teams, and delivering high-quality products in a timely manner. By implementing these methodologies and tools, organizations can improve their product development processes and achieve better outcomes.

Whether you are a product manager, a Scrum Master, a developer, or a stakeholder, having a solid understanding of these concepts will enable you to contribute more effectively to your projects and achieve your product goals. So, dive into the world of Agile, Scrum, and Epics, and see how they can transform your product management and operations.