Product Strategy

Lean Software Development

What is Lean Software Development?
Definition of Lean Software Development
Lean software product development represents a customer value-driven approach focusing engineering creativity on optimizing end-to-end value stream flow across integrated systems facilitating faster yet sustainable new feature releases often determined more by actual business pull directly from users over centralized technology push through deliberate iterative planning valuing real-world field customer needs, outcomes and continuously empowering decentralized teams through leadership rather than traditional command hierarchies.

Lean Software Development is a methodology that applies the principles of Lean Manufacturing to the process of software development. It is a philosophy that emphasizes the elimination of waste, amplification of learning, decision-making based on empirical evidence, fast delivery, and building integrity in. This approach is rooted in the Toyota Production System, a strategy that focuses on delivering high-quality products quickly and efficiently.

Product Management and Operations, on the other hand, refer to the practices and processes that ensure the successful delivery, maintenance, and improvement of a product. This involves tasks such as defining the product strategy, roadmap, and feature definition, as well as handling production issues and customer feedback. In the context of Lean Software Development, these tasks are carried out in a way that minimizes waste and maximizes value.

Principles of Lean Software Development

The principles of Lean Software Development serve as the foundation of this approach. They provide a framework for making decisions and guiding actions throughout the software development process. These principles are derived from Lean Manufacturing and have been adapted to suit the unique challenges and opportunities of software development.

There are seven principles in total: Eliminate Waste, Amplify Learning, Decide as Late as Possible, Deliver as Fast as Possible, Empower the Team, Build Integrity In, and See the Whole. Each of these principles has a specific purpose and contributes to the overall effectiveness of the Lean approach.

Eliminate Waste

The principle of Eliminate Waste is about identifying and removing anything that does not add value to the product. In software development, waste can take many forms, such as unnecessary code or functionality, delay in the software development process, unclear or constantly changing requirements, and inefficient communication.

The goal is to streamline the process by focusing only on what is necessary to deliver value to the customer. This not only reduces costs and improves efficiency, but also allows the team to focus on high-value activities.

Amplify Learning

Amplifying Learning is about creating a culture of continuous improvement. This involves using iterative development and feedback loops to learn from mistakes and successes, and then applying these lessons to future work. By doing so, the team can constantly improve the product and the process of creating it.

One way to amplify learning is through the use of retrospectives, where the team reflects on what went well and what could be improved after each iteration. Another is through the use of automated testing and continuous integration, which provide immediate feedback on the quality of the code.

Product Management in Lean Software Development

Product Management plays a crucial role in Lean Software Development. The Product Manager is responsible for defining the product vision, strategy, and roadmap, and for ensuring that these align with the needs and expectations of the customer. They are also responsible for prioritizing features and tasks based on their value to the customer and the business.

The Product Manager works closely with the development team to ensure that the product is being developed in a way that maximizes value and minimizes waste. This involves making decisions based on empirical evidence, fostering a culture of continuous learning and improvement, and empowering the team to make decisions and take ownership of their work.

Defining the Product Vision and Strategy

The Product Manager is responsible for defining the product vision and strategy. The product vision is a high-level description of what the product aims to achieve and how it will benefit the customer. The product strategy, on the other hand, outlines how the product will achieve this vision.

These two elements serve as the guiding light for the product development process. They provide direction and focus, and help to ensure that all decisions and actions are aligned with the overall goals of the product.

Prioritizing Features and Tasks

One of the key responsibilities of the Product Manager is to prioritize features and tasks. This involves determining which features will deliver the most value to the customer and the business, and then prioritizing these over others. This is often done using a prioritization framework, such as the MoSCoW method or the RICE scoring model.

By prioritizing features and tasks in this way, the Product Manager ensures that the team is always working on the most valuable things. This not only maximizes the value delivered to the customer, but also minimizes waste by preventing the team from working on low-value or unnecessary features.

Operations in Lean Software Development

Operations in Lean Software Development involve the practices and processes that ensure the successful delivery, maintenance, and improvement of the product. This includes tasks such as managing production issues, handling customer feedback, and continuously improving the product based on this feedback.

Like all aspects of Lean Software Development, Operations are guided by the principles of Lean. This means that the focus is on delivering value to the customer quickly and efficiently, eliminating waste, and continuously improving the process.

Managing Production Issues

Managing production issues is a key aspect of Operations in Lean Software Development. This involves identifying, prioritizing, and resolving issues that arise during the production phase. The goal is to resolve these issues as quickly and efficiently as possible, to minimize their impact on the customer and the business.

One way to manage production issues effectively is through the use of an issue tracking system. This allows the team to track and manage issues in a systematic way, and ensures that nothing falls through the cracks. Another is through the use of automated monitoring and alerting tools, which can detect and notify the team of issues as soon as they occur.

Handling Customer Feedback

Handling customer feedback is another important aspect of Operations. This involves collecting, analyzing, and acting on feedback from customers. The goal is to use this feedback to improve the product and the customer experience.

Customer feedback can be collected through various channels, such as surveys, user interviews, and social media. Once collected, this feedback should be analyzed to identify trends and insights, and then used to inform decisions about product improvements and new features.


Lean Software Development is a powerful approach that can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the software development process. By applying the principles of Lean, teams can deliver high-quality products quickly and efficiently, while also continuously improving the process and the product.

Product Management and Operations play crucial roles in this approach. They ensure that the product is being developed in a way that maximizes value and minimizes waste, and that any issues that arise during production are handled quickly and efficiently. By doing so, they help to ensure the success of the product and the satisfaction of the customer.